Turkish is the official language of Turkey, and also has official status in Cyprus. Turkish had previously been written with an Arabic script known as the Ottoman Turkish script but is now written with a modified Latin script, adopted in the 20th century as one of many political reforms. The Turkish language is regulated to limit the influence of other languages. Turkish is a significant community language in Australia, with most speakers having migrated in the 1970s and then quickly establishing after-hours language programs to help the younger generation maintain the language. Turkish is currently offered in one Australian university.

Number of people in Australia who speak this language at home: 59,625 (ABS Census Data, 2011)

Language Category: Middle Eastern Languages

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